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EYFS & Foundation

Our Early Year and Foundation Stage Curriculum

In the Early Years and Foundation Stage (EYFS) there are seven areas of learning - 3 prime and 4 specific.  Each area has associated Early Learning Goals (ELGs).  Follow this link to the Early Years Outcomes: .

Prime areas of learning

Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to speak

and listen in a range of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing


ELG 01 Listening and attention: Children listen attentively in a range of situations. They

listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events, and respond to what they

hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to

what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

ELG 02 Understanding: Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.

They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to

stories or events.

ELG 03 Speaking: Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of

listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking

about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop

their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and

interactive, and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also

be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in

relation to food.

ELG 04 Moving and handling: Children show good control and co-ordination in

large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely

negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils

for writing.

ELG 05 Health and self-care: Children know the importance for good health of physical

exercise and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They

manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including

dressing and going to the toilet independently.

Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive

sense of themselves and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others;

to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate

behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

ELG 06 Self-confidence and self-awareness: Children are confident to try new activities,

and to say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to

speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources

they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or do not need help.

ELG 07 Managing feelings and behaviour: Children talk about how they and others

show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences,

and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or

class, and understand and follow rules. They adjust their behaviour to different

situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

ELG 08 Making relationships: Children play cooperatively, taking turns with others.

They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their

activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive

relationships with adults and other children.

Specific areas of learning

Literacy development involves encouraging children to read and write, both through

listening to others reading, and being encouraged to begin to read and write themselves.

Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials – for example books,

poems, and other materials to ignite their interest.

ELG 09 Reading: Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic

knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also

read some common irregular words. They demonstrate an understanding when

talking with others about what they have read.

ELG 10 Writing: Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which

match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They

write sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are

spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

Mathematics development involves providing children with opportunities to practise

and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction

problems, and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

ELG 11 Numbers: Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in

order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using

quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and

count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling,

halving and sharing.

ELG 12 Shape, space and measures: Children use everyday language to talk about size,

weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and

objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They

explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical

language to describe them.

Understanding of the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world

and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people,

places, technology and the environment.

ELG 13 People and communities: Children talk about past and present events in their

own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children do

not always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about

similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families,

communities and traditions.

ELG 14 The world: Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places,

objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own

immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.

They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things

occur, and talk about changes.

ELG 15 Technology: Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such

as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.

Expressive arts and design involves supporting children to explore and play with a wide

range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement

for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music,

movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.

ELG 16 Exploring and using media and materials: Children sing songs, make music

and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use and

explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour,

design, texture, form and function.

ELG 17 Being imaginative: Children use what they have learnt about media and

materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes. They represent their

own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music,

dance, role play and stories.