Our Early Year and Foundation Stage Curriculum
In the Early Years and Foundation Stage (EYFS) there are seven areas of learning - 3 prime and 4 specific. Each area has associated Early Learning Goals (ELGs). Follow this link to the Early Years Outcomes: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/237249/Early_Years_Outcomes.pdf .
Prime areas of learning
Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to speak
and listen in a range of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing
ELG 01 Listening and attention: Children listen attentively in a range of situations. They
listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events, and respond to what they
hear with relevant comments, questions or actions. They give their attention to
what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.
ELG 02 Understanding: Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to
stories or events.
ELG 03 Speaking: Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of
listeners’ needs. They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking
about events that have happened or are to happen in the future. They develop
their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.
Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and
interactive, and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also
be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in
relation to food.
ELG 04 Moving and handling: Children show good control and co-ordination in
large and small movements. They move confidently in a range of ways, safely
negotiating space. They handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils
ELG 05 Health and self-care: Children know the importance for good health of physical
exercise and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe. They
manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including
dressing and going to the toilet independently.
Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive
sense of themselves and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others;
to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate
behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.
ELG 06 Self-confidence and self-awareness: Children are confident to try new activities,
and to say why they like some activities more than others. They are confident to
speak in a familiar group, will talk about their ideas, and will choose the resources
they need for their chosen activities. They say when they do or do not need help.
ELG 07 Managing feelings and behaviour: Children talk about how they and others
show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences,
and know that some behaviour is unacceptable. They work as part of a group or
class, and understand and follow rules. They adjust their behaviour to different
situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.
ELG 08 Making relationships: Children play cooperatively, taking turns with others.
They take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their
activity. They show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive
relationships with adults and other children.
Specific areas of learning
Literacy development involves encouraging children to read and write, both through
listening to others reading, and being encouraged to begin to read and write themselves.
Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials – for example books,
poems, and other materials to ignite their interest.
ELG 09 Reading: Children read and understand simple sentences. They use phonic
knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately. They also
read some common irregular words. They demonstrate an understanding when
talking with others about what they have read.
ELG 10 Writing: Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which
match their spoken sounds. They also write some irregular common words. They
write sentences which can be read by themselves and others. Some words are
spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.
Mathematics development involves providing children with opportunities to practise
and improve their skills in counting numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction
problems, and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.
ELG 11 Numbers: Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in
order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using
quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and
count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling,
halving and sharing.
ELG 12 Shape, space and measures: Children use everyday language to talk about size,
weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and
objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They
explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical
language to describe them.
Understanding of the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world
and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people,
places, technology and the environment.
ELG 13 People and communities: Children talk about past and present events in their
own lives and in the lives of family members. They know that other children do
not always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this. They know about
similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families,
communities and traditions.
ELG 14 The world: Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places,
objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own
immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.
They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things
occur, and talk about changes.
ELG 15 Technology: Children recognise that a range of technology is used in places such
as homes and schools. They select and use technology for particular purposes.
Expressive arts and design involves supporting children to explore and play with a wide
range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement
for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music,
movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.
ELG 16 Exploring and using media and materials: Children sing songs, make music
and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use and
explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour,
design, texture, form and function.
ELG 17 Being imaginative: Children use what they have learnt about media and
materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes. They represent their
own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music,dance, role play and stories.